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Stroke - What to Know

Share what you learn with someone you know ... it could save a life.

Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and the #1 cause of adult disability. Strokes occur when blood supply to a part of the brain is interrupted or reduced. If blood supply is stopped, the brain will not only stop receiving blood, but also oxygen. When this occurs, brain cells begin to die and brain damage occurs. It is critical to get to a hospital immediately when suffering a stroke because 1.9 million neurons are lost every minute of a stroke.
When brain cells die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain, such as speech, movement, memory and some vision, are lost.

There are two types of strokes:

  • Ischemic stroke - occur as a result of a blood clot within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain (87% of all strokes)
  • Hemorrhagic stroke - result from weakened vessels that rupture and bleed into the surrounding brain (13% of all strokes)

The good news about stroke is that they are very preventable. The key is lifestyle changes:

  • Exercise regularly
  • Quit smoking
  • Eat healthier
  • Manage cholesterol and blood pressure
  • Manage atrial fibrillation